Fire Risk Assessments must be carried out by a competent fire risk assessor, and it uses the 5 steps of risk assessment:

• Identify the fire hazards.
• Identify people at risk.
• Evaluate, remove or reduce the risks.
• Record your findings, prepare an emergency plan and provide training.
• Review and update the fire risk assessment regularly.
• Consideration Must be given to assessing:
• Emergency routes and exits
• Fire detection and warning systems
• Firefighting equipment
• The removal or safe storage of dangerous substances
• An emergency fire evacuation plan
• The needs of vulnerable people, for example the elderly, young children or those with disabilities
• Providing information to employees and other people on the premises regarding fire safety training

Fire Risk Assessment must be communicated to employees along with the emergency response plan to ensure that everyone on the premises knows what to do, not only to prevent the risk of fire, but also what to do in the event of a fire emergency. All fire training should be reviewed regularly, and records retained by the employer.